The human body has various tools, such as skin or blood cells that help resist infections. Germs, bacteria, and viruses can cause diseases and illnesses to the human body, which can be kept under control with the tools in the human body. However, this can change with increasing age. The process of aging and the presence of chronic conditions can make the immune system less effective at preventing infections.
Robin Jump, M.D., an associate professor of medicine at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, says that infections can be hard to point out. Hence, it could lead to some severe complications in older adults. However, there are some ways which can avoid the complications caused due to infection and viruses.
The very primary symptom to identify infection is fever. Fever is a hallmark of infection, and some common symptoms are coughing, sneezing, vomiting, and swelling in some cases. Infection-related fever may vary depending on age. In such cases, people should watch for typical symptoms like sore throat and some less familiar signs.
Older people might experience appetite loss, disorientation, and falling. However, these symptoms might not be related to the infection. Seeking the right treatment will keep a person away from the disease. Consulting doctors and taking the right medication will be helpful.
According to the 2017 Canadian study, doctors prescribed antibiotics to 46 percent of older people suffering from infections. However, those antibiotics were not adequate for a viral illness. Hence, people should inform their doctors that they do not want to take antibiotics. People should make themselves aware of the side effects of the medication. The majority of the time, older adults are at higher risk of complications due to infections.
The worst-case scenario could be organ failure or even death. People should ask doctors how long their disease is going to last. Alert doctors if symptoms like fever and vomiting are not improving at all. Not only doctors but patients themselves should also watch out for the signs of infections.